During the 1980s, realising that local empowerment was essential for social and economic regeneration, the panchayati raj constitutional amendments were initiated. Reluctant to let go power, the legislators retained the district bureaucracy under the control of the state government. Thus, a dysfunctional diarchy of the district bureaucracy and the elected district government has been created. It has further increased abuse and corruption.
Furthermore, the sarpanch has been given a firm tenure of five years when, in grassroots democracy, he or she should be elected by the village assembly on year to year basis, removable any time for misconduct by majority vote. Assured of a firm five-year tenure, he or she ties up with the district bureaucracy and higher level politics to abuse authority.
The village parliament consisting of the sovereign people themselves has greater legitimacy than the state assembly that consists of mere elected servants of the people. Yet, power still flows from legislators and bureaucracy to the people. The sarpanch, bureaucracy and legislators connive to abuse authority.